Modified live vaccines vs. killed vaccines

Considering the high prevalence of BVDV, a disease which causes high economic losses, vaccination of cattle against BVD is certainly indicated, provided efficacious and safe vaccines are available.

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Incorrect vaccine use compromises efficacy and leads to vaccine failure

Complete adherence to vaccination programmes is paramount for disease control. While in Pennsylvania, it has been shown that only 27% of BVDV vaccines were used correctly.

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